GK Questions On Indian Crops In Hindi And English

Indian Crops { Question Answer and important Facts }

GK Point To Remember

List Of Major Food Crops In India

Q1 – What are the food crops names in india or list of major food crops in india  ?

A  – The food crops in India is divided into four main categories.

1) Food grains  – Rice, WheatMaizeMillets and Pulses

2 ) Cash Crops – SugarcaneTobacco, CottonJute, and Oilseeds etc.

3 ) Plantation – Coffee, Coconut, Tea, and Rubber etc.

4) Horticulture crops (Fruits and Vegetables)

 

Q2 – List of Cash Crops in India?

Ans – Cash crops are crop which is grown to earn the profit, not for producer’s own livestock or grown as food for the producer’s family. Cash Crops are SugarcaneTobaccoCottonJute, and Oilseeds etc.

 

Q3 – What are the Rabi crops list or 10 examples of rabi crops?

Ans – Period – Sown in October-November, Harvested in April-May.

Environment – Requires warm climate for germination of seeds and maturation and cold climate for the growth.

Major Kharif crops of India include Millets (Bajra & Jowar), Cotton, Soybean, Sugarcane, Turmeric, Paddy (Rice), Maize, Moong (Pulses), Groundnut, Red Chillies, etc.

 

Q4 –  What are the food crops names?

Ans – Rice, WheatMaize, Millets, Pulses, SugarcaneTobacco, CottonJute, Oilseeds, Coffee, Coconut, Tea,  Rubber, Fruits, and Vegetables.

 

Q5 – What is the cash crop synonym?

Ans – Rich harvest

 

Q6 – What is the plantations definition?

Ans – A plantation is a large piece of land, where a large number of trees of crops such as rubber, coffee, tea, or sugar are grown.

Plantation Synonyms – Colony, estate.

Plantation Antonym – City, Decolonization, shanty.

 

Q7 – What are the most profitable crops for greenhouse?

Ans – Tomatoes, Lettuce, Peppers, Cucumbers, Spinach, Herbs, and Strawberries.

 

Q8 – What are the major crops in India state wise?

Ans –  State wise crop production in India

Punjab – Wheat, Rice, Maize, Barley, Pulses, Rapeseed and Mustard, Sunflower, Oil Seeds, Sugarcane, Cotton, Fruits, Vegetables

Haryana – Sugarcane, Barley, Jowar, Bajra, Gram, Rice, Wheat, Mustard, Cotton

Rajasthan – Wheat, Sugarcane, Bajra, Baley, Jowar, Maize, Chili, Cotton, Mango, Rice, Vegetables, Groundnut, Oilseeds, Pulses

Uttar Pradesh – Fruits, Vegetables, Spices, Floriculture, Medicinal/aromatic plants, others like Betel vine, Mushroom, Honey production

Bihar – Rice, Wheat, Maize, Pulses, Vegetables, Fruits, Sugarcane, Jute

Gujarat – Rice, Wheat, Jowar, Bajra, Maize, tur, Gram, Cotton, Groundnuts, Dates, Sugarcane

Madhya Pradesh – Wheat, Maize, Jowar, Gram, Tur, Urad, Moong, Soybean, Groundnuts, Mustard, Cotton, Sugarcane

Maharashtra – Rice, Jowar, Bajra, Wheat, Pulses, Cotton, Sugarcane, Several Oil Seeds, Sunflower, Groundnuts & Soybean

इन्हें अवश्य देखें:

GK Questions On Agriculture In India

प्रमुख अन्तर्राष्ट्रीय सीमाएं (Pramukh Antarrashtriya Seemayen)

Chhattisgarh – Rice, Maize, Wheat, Niger, Groundnut, Pulses

Jharkhand – Rice, Ragi, Maize, Wheat, Redgram, Niger, Fruits

Himachal Pradesh – Off-season vegetables, vegetable seeds, potato & ginger beside soybean, oilseeds, pulses, fruits

Jammu & Kashmir – Paddy, Wheat, Maize, Barley, Bajra, Jowar, Gram, Apple, Walnuts

West Bengal – Rice, Jute, Tea, Potatoes, Oilseeds, Betel, Vine, Tobacco, Wheat, Barley, Maize

Karnataka – Paddy, Jowar, Ragi, Maize, Sunflower, sugarcane, Cotton, Tobacco

Q9 – What are the most profitable crops in the world?

Ans – Bamboo, Flowers, Ginseng, Ground Covers, Herbs, Landscaping Trees and Shrubs, Mushrooms, and Ornamental Grasses.

Q10 – Which crop is the largest production in India?

Ans – Rice is the most cultivated crop in India. India is the world’s second-largest producer of rice, behind China.

Important Facts:

  • Largest Total Food Grains producing the state in India is Uttar Pradesh
  • Largest Rice producing the state in India is West Bengal
  • Largest Wheat producing state in India is Uttar Pradesh
  • Largest Maize producing the state in India is Andhra Pradesh
  • Largest Coarse Cereal producing the state in India is Karnataka, Rajasthan
  • Largest Oilseeds producing the state in India is Gujarat
  • Largest Rapeseed & Mustard producing the state in India is Rajasthan
  • Largest Soyabean producing the state in India is Madhya Pradesh
  • Largest Sunflower producing the state in India is Karnataka
  • Largest Sugarcane producing the state in India is Uttar Pradesh
  • Largest Sugar producing the state in India is Maharashtra
  • Largest Cotton producing the state in India is Gujarat
  • Largest Jute producing the state in India is West Bengal
  • Largest Horticulture Products producing the state in India is West Bengal
  • Largest Vegetables producing the state in India is West Bengal
  • Largest Fruits producing the state in India is Andhra PradeshLargest Loose Flowers producing the state in India is Tamil Nadu
  • Largest Cut Flowers producing the state in India is West Bengal
  • Largest Total Spices producing the state in India is Andhra Pradesh
  • Largest Total Plantation Crops producing the state in India is Tamil Nadu
  • Largest Banana producing state in India is Tamil Nadu
  • Largest Guava producing the state in India is Madhya Pradesh
  • Largest Grapes producing the state in India is Maharashtra
  • Largest Apple producing the state in India is Jammu & Kashmir
  • Largest Areca Nut producing the state in India is Karnataka
  • Largest Cocoa producing the state in India is Kerala
  • Largest Coconut producing state in India is Tamil Nadu
  • Largest Cashew nut producing the state in India is Maharashtra

*भारतीय फसलें तथा उनका वर्गीकरण Indian Crops and Their Classification

*भारतीय फसलों का वर्गीकरण भिन्न-भिन्न आधारों किया जा सकता है। नीचे कुछ आधारों पर भारतीय फसलों का वर्गीकरण दिया गया है।*

*ऋतु आधारित*

*खरीफ फसलें :* धान, बाजरा, मक्का, कपास, मूँगफली, शकरकन्द, उर्द, मूँग, मोठ लोबिया(चँवला), ज्वार, तिल, ग्वार, जूट, सनई, अरहर, ढैंचा, गन्ना, सोयाबीन, भिंण्डी

*रबी फसलें :* गेहूँ, जौं, चना, सरसों, मटर, बरसीम, रिजका, मसूर, आलू, तम्बाकू, लाही, जंई

*जायद फसलें :* कद्दू, खरबूजा, तरबूज, लौकी, तोरई, मूँग, खीरा, मीर्च, टमाटर, सूरजमूखी

*जीवनचक्र पर आधारित*

*एकवर्षीय फसलें :* धान, गेहूँ, चना, ढैंचा, बाजरा, मूँग, कपास, मूँगफली, सरसों, आलू, शकरकन्द, कद्दू, लौकी, सोयाबीन

*द्विवर्षीय फसलें :* चुक्कन्दर, प्याज

इन्हें अवश्य देखें:

Fundamental Duties in Indian Constitution (भारतीय संविधान के मूल कर्तव्य)

Indian Art And Culture Pdf Free Download

*बहुवर्षीय फसलें (Perennials) :* नेपियर घास, रिजका, फलवाली फसलें

*उपयोगिता या आर्थिक आधार पर*

*अन्न या धान्य फसलें* (Cereals) : धान, गेहूँ, जौं, चना, मक्का, ज्वार, बाजरा,

*तिलहनी फसलें* (Oilseeds) : सरसों, अरंडी, तिल, मूँगफली, सूरजमूखी, अलसी, कुसुम, तोरिया, सोयाबीन और राई

*दलहनी फसलें (Pusles) :* चना, उर्द, मूँग, मटर, मसूर, अरहर, मूँगफली, सोयाबीन

*मसाले वाली फसलें :* अदरक, पुदीना, प्याज, लहसुन, मिर्च, धनिया, अजवाइन, जीरा, सौफ, हल्दी, कालीमिर्च, इलायची और तेजपात

*रेशेदार फसलें (Fibres) :* जूट, कपास, सनई, पटसन, ढैंचा

*चारा फसलें (Fodders) :* बरसीम, लूसर्न (रिजका), नैपियर घास, लोबिया, ज्वार

*फलदार फसलें :* आम, अमरूद, नींबू, लिचि, केला, पपीता, सेब, नाशपाती,

*जड एवं कन्द (Roots & Tubers) :* आलू, शकरकन्द, अदरक, गाजर, मूली, अरबी, रतालू, टेपियोका, शलजम

*उद्दीपक (Stimulants) :* तमबाकू, पोस्त, चाय, कॉफी, धतूरा, भांग

*शर्करा :* चुकन्दर , गन्ना

*औषधीय फसलें (Medicinals) :* पोदीना, मेंथा, अदरक, हल्दी और तुलसी

*विशेष उपयोग आधारित नकदी फसलें (Cash Crops)* : गन्ना, आलू, तम्बाकू, कपास, मिर्च, चाय, काफी,

*अन्तर्वती फसले (Catch Crops) :* उर्द, मूँग, चीना, लाही, सांवा, आलू

*मृदा रक्षक फसलें (Cover Crops) :* मूँगफली, मूँग, उर्द, शकरकन्द, बरसीम, लूसर्न (रिजका)*

*हरी खाद :* मूँग, सनई, बरसीम, ढैचां, मोठ, मसूर, ग्वार, मक्का, लोबिया, बाजरा…।

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